In chapter two of McClouds writing ‘The Vocabulary of Comics’ he delves into the meaning and the reason comics are so successful at drawing the reader in and conveying a point. First McCloud shows the reader exactly what an Icon is by his own definition. An Icon is an image that represents any concept or a person, place, or thing. He then explains that Icons have many category’s, each used to represent science, language, feelings etc… he also points out that Icons can be used to represent concepts or things that have no tangible existence. His writing then focuses in on the main aspect of his message, cartoons and comics. McCloud explains that a realistic representation of person doesn’t let the audience identify or connect with the characters actions in the stories comics portray. He claims that by simplifying a characters features they are made to represent who ever the reader wants them too. Which in turn makes it easier to get the writers message across without the distraction of a detailed character. McCloud says the this identification with the character comes from the human mind being able to find an image of itself in almost every aspect of life, especially a character that doesnt have distinguishing features. He then talks about the two realms of icons, the realm of the concept and the realm of senses. Each of these allowing the reader to really let their mind either make themself an extension of the character or even feel what the character in the comic might be going through. McClouds moral is that Icons can be used both with text and images to be the most efficient way of stating an argument or even just telling a story, but either way the style and appearance means power within the message.
1. Find one argument “artifact” about tattoos/tattooing and reflect on it in a blog entry: include a. what it is (title or some identifier)
It is a picture or visual of what looks to be a female mouth with with red lips and her tongue sticking out and it is covered with colorful and detailed tattoos.
b. where you found it (url if found online: make sure that you have enough information to retrieve it; make/prinit a copy if necessary!) google
c. its intended audience and how you know that
The web site doesnt give much information about the intended audience, but i can infer that this picture was created to show the artistic side of tattooing. Therefore I would say that the intended audience are those that think that tattooing is wrong or gross. The fact that the person with the tattoo appears to be a beautiful woman (from the perspective of her mouth at least) leads others to be educated that all types of people even those you wouldn’t think have them sometimes do.
d. what it is arguing.
It is argueing that anybody can have a tattoo and that in this case it is more than just an expression, but rather a showcase of creativity.
Read Swift and answer the following questions:
A. What is the rhetorical context of the “I had an abortion” argument analyzed in Swift’s article: Topic, Issue, Author, Exigency (immediate and personal as well as societal), Audience, Purpose, Message, Medium ? One or two sentence answers for each category are acceptable. Note that you are completing this for the ARGUMENT (the t-shirt), not for Swift’s article.
Issue: Is it publically accepted for someone to be open about their decision to have an abortion? Is abortion accepted in society.
Author: The women who choose to wear this shirt after deciding to have an abortion. The People wearing the shirt. Creator – In part planned parenthood. and the pro choose 22 year olds that decided to make the tshirt
Exigency: Persistent imperfections. Brought up due to the campain scrutiny of Pres Bush running for office and his open views about the subject. For the person wearing the shirt it was probably the right to have to option of having the abortion. That they had an abortion.
Purpose: To excerise free speech in the form of letting the world know that they had an abortion and dont care who knows it. To retaliate against those that are against abortions and help this movement.
Audience: In a broad view the general public. But more specifically women and President Bush. Those that are dealing with the decision or have made it to know that they arent alone.
medium: The shirt pretty much. The channel in which it was distributed is Planned parenthood. It was ordered from a website.
Message: not trying to hide the fact that they in fact had the abortion. Also to let others know that they shouldnt be ashamed that if i were to have one i shouldnt be ashamed of my decision.
One of my biggest hobbies is Golfing and in recent years my favorite golfer has been Tiger Woods. Woods has recently been all over the news due to his infidelity becoming public. As a result of those stories coming to light Tiger has been let go by a lot of his sponsors except for Nike in which he has been a corner stone in developing the Nike golf power house. The issue is should Nike drop him like everyone else. This blog spells out what a lot of has been happening and what Nike officials have been saying about Woods. Basically Nike has no intention of loosing Woods, but many other speculate differently. Some think that this will just be a blemish on his huge golf career, but that remains to be seen. Should Tiger be punished by his sponsors for off the course incidents?
comment on the structure of the blog: what elements does it include? What do you notice first? What about the design? Use of color? Is it easy or difficult to navigate, why?
Unless you have been hiding under a rock for the past year and beyond you must certainly know about the seemingly hostile debate currently going on amongst Americans about whether or not we should keep health care private or let the US government supply it. This article talks about the pros and cons of the debate, that over 45 million Americans are uninsured and that number steadily climbs. It also points out a number of reasons why we should take health care public such as the raise in taxes, the in efficiency of government agencies, and the lack of competition that will surely lead to slower innovations within the field. But most importantly it talks about the lack of patient flexibility it will essentially be another government run bureaucracy. The blog has both alphebetical and visual elements the most noticeable of which is the big pro and con chart at the top of the article that easily displays this authors goal and opinion. There isnt much use of color mainly gray and black seeing as the subject itself has a bleak outlook. But it was very easy to navigate and read the purpose of the article.
A. declamation – speech or writing for oratorical effect
B. spurious- not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; counterfeit
C. propitious- presenting favorable conditions; favorable
D. salvo – a round of cheers or applause. or artillery, bombs etc.
1. Part of the rhetorical context model discussed in class is the issue. What is the issue Bitzer investigates in this article: what question is he asking?
The issue or question Bitzer asks in this artifact is what is rhetorical situation and why is it relevant to rhetoric? What is the importance of situation in Rhetoric? In a sense what defines rhetoric?
2. Another part of the rhetorical context model presented in class is purpose—what the writer hopes to achieve with the argument. What is Bitzer’s goal with this article (p. 3)?
I think Bitzers goal is simple he wants to show the importance of elements that are usually taken into account when discussing what defines rhetoric. He argues that rhetorical discourse only comes into play given the situation as a way of communication in certain important or necessary times. His goal seems to be to convince that reader or explain to the reader that discourse does not define a rhetorical situation rather that situation defines rhetoric, but thats not to say that rhetoric cannot occur in the form of discourse.
3. Bitzer comments that “countless eulogies to John F. Kennedy . . . never reached the public; they were filed, entered into diaries, or created in thought.” Similarly, the poet Edgar Lee Masters wrote an entire series of eulogies for fictional people (collected in The Spoon River Anthology). According to Bitzer’s theory could eulogies written for real people, but never delivered, or those that are fictionalized, be considered rhetorical utterances? Why or why not? Here is Masters’ poem: Alexander Thockmorton In youth my wings were strong and tireless,/ But I did not know the mountains./ In age I knew the mountains/ But my weary wings could not follow my vision—/ Genius is wisdom and youth.
I think Bitzer would say that because discourse does not define a rhetorical utterance that yes fictional or never delievered/spoken thoughts are considered rhetoric. I would even go on to say that rhetoric is possible without any form of disourse meaning that merely thinking about a subject and giving a mental discourse is in fact rhetoric. You just might be the only one that knows the meaning of that utterance.
4. How does Bitzer define a “genuinely rhetorical audience” (p. 12)?
Well i think in its most simple form a genuinely rhetorical audience is an audience that is listening to rhetoric. He defines it in the text as an audience willing to be mediators of change, those that given the situation are open to responding to the rhetoric.
My most recent topic and issue is about the Fort Collins, CO rule of U+2 . The issue is that this rule discriminates against students in a City which wouldnt even be here without the University. This blog highlights the aspect that most interests me by stating, in so many words, that U+2 purposely keeps students out of certain areas of the city. Not only is this city ordience the product of a paranoid community, but discriminates against a not insignificant portion of the Fort Collins population. http://www.theminorityreportblog.com/hinzsight_story/night_twister/2009/03/25/repeal_three_unrelated_in_fort_collins
A. What is the topic and associated issue? The topic would, in a grander scale, be segregation in the south. The associated issue would probably be the Birmingham demonstrations and civil disobedience that led to him being arrested.
B. What situation (s) compelled King to write “Letter”? Consider those that are immediate, historic, societal, personal
Well i think there are many reasons that compelled King to write this letter, one would most likely be his time of reflection while he was in jail thinking about the demonstrations of civil disobedience that landed him in prison. Historicly he knew from studying ghandi that jail was part of the movement and that it was likely to be an aspect of his campaign. Societal pressures obvious coming from his people to attack the most segregated part of the south and personal because he knew he had to sacrifice for his people.
C. What do we know about King at the time “Letter” was written?
Well we know that he came over from Atlanta GA to help organize the demonstrations in Birmingham and that while he writes the letter he is currently incarcerated.
D. What was King’s purpose in writing “Letter?” What did he want from the reader?
The purpose of the letter was to refute the claims of his fellow clergymen and ultimately strike a chord in them to help or at least not impede his campaign for civil rights. Also it was to educate them on his methods of civil disobedience and to explain why the time is now.
E. What is the claim? His claim is basically explaining why he is doing what he is doing in Birmingham. That he would employ acts of civil disobedience in an effort to force negotiations of desegregation.
F. What is the medium of “Letter”? How would it reach its audience?
As a letter
G. Who is the audienc: primary? Secondary? Tertiary?
Primary audience would be the clergymen he addressees in the first lines. Secondary would be the people of Birmingham as well as the Negro community. Tertiary would most likely be the people of the U.S. and United State Gov.
College football is an ideal sacred to alot of students and alumni alike from universities all over the United States and world, this is an issue that affects both the land within the state boarders and all the lands of the U.S. I stated my disappointment that the BCS, who have large fan support for a playoff system, has chosen to ignore the will of the people. I also stressed my dislike for Congressional involvement. This blog talks about both http://thequad.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/12/29/fans-want-football-playoff-poll-says/. This New York Times blog talks about a recent poll through colleges and universities drawing that 43% of voters like the current BCS system and 45% dislike it and want a playoff system. The poll goes on to explain that nearly all participants are against legislative appeal for a mandatory playoff system.
Ok so my artifact is an opinion article found in our very own Collegian, but can also be found at http://www.collegian.com/index.php/article/2010/01/012710_guestcolumn. The topic this artifact talks about and argues is the state funding cuts of higher education that Colorado will be experiencing in the next couple years. Right now it is a estimated 9% tuition raise and as an out of state student it makes it a great deal more expensive to go to school now. The artical argues that we should stand against this cut in funding. It highlights that “at high noon on Feb. 17, students from thirteen colleges and universities across Colorado will rally on their campus centers to save higher education in Colorado.” Many students are in my same position and simply can’t or won’t be able to afford college if this increase takes affect.